The Islamic Republic of Iran is a country that belongs to the Middle East, in Asia, whose capital is Tehran. It has a population of more than 82 million inhabitants (18th) and an area of 1,648,195 km2 (17th). Its human development index is high (60º) and its official currency is the Iranian rial. But what language is spoken in Iran?
What language do they speak in Iran?
Iran has one official language, Persian.
Likewise, Arabic is recognized as the language of Islam, having a formal status as the language of religion. And due to the ethnic plurality of Iran, the constitution recognizes and allows the use of minority languages in the media, as well as in schools (to teach their literature). These languages do not receive a formal status and are not officially regulated by the authorities, as Persian or Arabic are.
In terms of the number of speakers, Persian is the language of the majority, as it is spoken by 61.8% of the population. The next most popular languages are Azerbaijani (28.7%), Kurdish (7%), Luri (5%), Arabic (3.3%), Gilaki (3%), Mazandaraní (2.9%), Baluchi (1.5%), Tati (0.5%), Talish (0.2%) and Armenian (0.1%).
The most common immigrant languages are Tajik (84,000 speakers), Urdu (84,000), Georgian (62,000), Karakalpak (51,000), East Punjabi (34,000), and Turkish (11,000).
The level of English in Iran is quite low. You can find signs, information in museums and even some menus in that language, but it is difficult to find workers who speak English outside tourist sites and hotels.
Persian or Farsi (فارسی) is the national language of Iran and is used in all official government communications, as well as in the educational system. To avoid a disintegration of the national unity and the hegemony of Persian, all communications with the government, administration and the educational system are exclusively in Persian, with no possibility of translation. This includes political institutions (such as parliament) and the bureaucracy.
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