United States

Arizona history

Brief history of Arizona summarized

A Brief Review of the Brief History of Arizona, a US State.

Arizona and its beginnings

The first European to arrive in Arizona was a Spaniard named Marcos de Niza in 1539. However, for centuries the Spanish presence in Arizona was sparse. When Mexico became independent from Spain in 1821, Arizona became a Mexican territory.

However, in 1848, Mexico was forced to cede most of what is now Arizona to the United States. In 1850 it became part of the territory of New Mexico. Another section of Arizona was obtained by the US in 1853 by the Gadsden Purchase.

When the Civil War came in 1861, the people of Arizona joined the Confederacy. However, in 1862 Union forces won the Battle of Picacho Peak and the Union took control.

However, on February 24, 1863, Arizona became a separate territory from New Mexico. In 1880 Arizona had a population of 40,000. In 1900 there were more than 122,000. In 1889 Phoenix became the capital of Arizona.

In the late 19th century, many settlers left for Arizona. In the 1860s and 1870s ranching became common. Mining also skyrocketed. Both silver and copper were mined in Arizona and mining towns sprang up.

Meanwhile, the natives were forced onto reservations and the US Army built forts. The last indigenous uprising ended in 1886 when Geronimo surrendered.

One of the most famous events in Arizona history was the OK Corral gunfight in Tombstone on October 26, 1881. (It was actually fought on a vacant lot by the OK Corral.)

Contemporary Arizona

The Grand Canyon became a national monument in 1908 and in 1919 it became a national park. Meanwhile, the Theodore Roosevelt Dam was built in 1911.

Finally, on February 14, 1912, Arizona was admitted to the union as the 48th state. That same year, 1912, Arizona gave women the right to vote.

Like the rest of the United States, Arizona suffered greatly during the depression of the 1930s, but its population increased during World War II. Arizona’s population continued to grow rapidly after 1945.

In 1950 it reached almost 750,000. By 1990 it had ballooned to over 3,665,000. Today, Arizona’s population was 7 million. Today there is still a significant copper mining industry in Arizona.

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