The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is a commonwealth of the United States, whose capital is San Juan. It has a population of 3 million inhabitants (136º) and an area of 9,104 km 2. Its human development index is very high (40º) and its official currency is the US dollar. But what language is spoken in Puerto Rico?
What language do they speak in Puerto Rico?
Puerto Rico has two official languages: Spanish (as a first language) and English (as a second language).
The entire judicial system is in Spanish. However, all official business of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico is conducted in English. Instruction in public schools is almost entirely in Spanish. English, on the other hand, is a subject taught as a second language.
The most common immigrant languages are Hindi (4,600 speakers), French (2,600), Chinese (2,100), Italian (1,700), German (1,600), Haitian Creole (500), and Papiamento (200).
The Spanish language
Spanish is spoken by 94.9% of the population (of these , 99% are native). The Puerto Rican dialect is unique, different from other dialects. It has linguistic loans from the Taíno language, an indigenous language of the island that is now extinct, especially for lexicon on vegetation, nature and native musical instruments.
It also features loanwords from West African languages, especially of food, music, and dance. In addition, it has recent influences from English, due to the close ties with the United States. Its pronunciation is largely due to Canarian Spanish.
The English language
English (English) is spoken by 55.9 % of Puerto Ricans (of which only 8% are native, about 159,000 inhabitants). As with English to Spanish, there are also Spanish influences in English, especially in the accent. It was introduced to the island after 1898, when the United States seized it.
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