Hungary is a country that belongs to Europe, whose capital is Budapest. Its population is almost 10 million inhabitants (92º) and its extension is 93,030 km 2 (108º). Its human development index is very high (45º) and its official currency is the Hungarian forint. But what language is spoken in Hungary?
What language do they speak in Hungary?
Hungary has one official language, Hungarian.
Furthermore, as Hungary has signed the European Charter for Minority or Regional Languages, the government provides special protection to its minority languages, which are: German (18,600 native speakers), Armenian (440), Boyash, Bulgarian (2,900), Croatian (13,700), Slovak (9,890), Slovenian (1,720), Greek (1,870), Polish (3,050), Roma (54,300), Romanian (13,900), Russian (1,000), Serbian (3,710) and Ukrainian (3,380).
The most learned foreign languages are English (20%), German (18%), Russian (3%) and French (3%). The most widely spoken immigrant languages are Russian (7,380 speakers), Chinese (5,820), Arabic (2,930), and Vietnamese (2,670).
Hungarian or Magyar (magyar nyelv) is spoken by 99% of the population. It is the non-Indo-European language (it is Finno-Ugric) with the most speakers in Europe, and the 13th counting the Indo-Europeans. It is a special language, since it bears no similarity to any of its neighboring languages. It is used in all official areas. The dispersion of the language (which can be seen in the image below) is due to the fact that a century ago, all these territories were included in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Over time, the language of its inhabitants has continued to be respected.
Although minority languages are scattered throughout the country, it is normal to find nuclei of these speakers together. For example: German is found in and around the Mecsek Mountains (historically, Swabian German was spoken in Hungary), Slovak in the mountains of northern Hungary and around Békéscsaba, Slovene on the border with Slovenia (to the west), Croatian in the south of the country and Romanian in Gyula (in the east).
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