History of Uruguay

Brief history of Uruguay summarized

A brief brushstroke to the history of Uruguay, in a very summarized way.

Uruguay in its beginnings

In 1516 a Spaniard named Juan Díaz de Solís became the first European to arrive in Uruguay. In the 16th century the Spanish took Argentina while Portugal took Brazil.

What is now Uruguay was among them, but its lack of mineral wealth meant that both nations took little interest in it for a long time. However, in 1726 the Spanish took Uruguay and founded Montevideo. In 1776 Uruguay became part of the royalty of La Plata.

In 1811 the Uruguayan people rebelled against Spanish rule led by José Gervasio Artigas. However, in 1821, Brazil annexed Uruguay. However, Uruguay finally became independent in 1828 and obtained a constitution in 1830.

Independent Uruguay

Unfortunately, in 1839, Uruguay was embroiled in a disastrous civil war between Blancos (Whites) and Colorados (Reds). In 1852 the Colorados took control of Uruguay. Then, in 1865-1870, Uruguay joined Brazil and Argentina in a war against Paraguay.

At the end of the 19th century, the Uruguayan population grew as many immigrants came from Europe and the economy developed. Sheep farming became very important and by 1900 the population of Uruguay had increased to one million inhabitants.

In 1903 José Batlle y Ordóñez became president of Uruguay. He was president from 1903 to 1903 and again from 1911 to 1915. Ordóñez was a reformer and introduced a welfare state in Uruguay. In 1932, Uruguayan women received the right to vote.

Modern Uruguay

Uruguay remained neutral during World War II. Then, in the 1950s, the price of wool fell and Uruguay’s economy suffered.

In the 1960s, a Marxist urban guerrilla movement called the Tupamaros began to operate in Uruguay. Finally, in 1973, the army seized power in a coup. The military dictatorship in Uruguay lasted 11 years. In the early 1980s Uruguay suffered an economic crisis and there were many protests against the regime in 1984.

Finally, in 1985, Uruguay returned to civilian rule. Prosperity returned to Uruguay until 1999, when a recession began. It lasted until 2002. However, the economy grew again.

Currently, the population of Uruguay is 3.4 million inhabitants.

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