Serbian history

Brief history of Serbia summarized

A brief review of the history of Serbia, in a summarized way

Ancient Serbia

In the 7th century, the Slavs, ancestors of modern Serbs, came to Serbia. At first they were divided into clans, but in the 8th century a man named Vastimir founded the first Serbian state called Rasica. Then, in the 9th century, the Serbs converted to Christianity. However, until the 13th century Rasica was a vassal of the Byzantine Empire.

The 13th and 14th centuries were the golden age of Serbia. Its population grew and industries such as mining flourished. Serbia also expanded its territory.

However, at the end of the 14th century there was a new threat to Serbia: the Ottoman Turks. They defeated the Serbs in a battle on the Marica River in 1371 and then crushed them at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389. Then, in 1459, the Turks captured the city of Smederevo, ending Serbian independence. Finally in 1521 the Turks captured Belgrade.

However, in 1594 the Serbs rebelled against the Turks, but the rebellion was crushed. Then, during a war between Austria, Poland, Venice, and Turkey in 1683-90, the Serbs revolted again. However, when the Austrian forces withdrew from Serbia, the rebellion collapsed. Many Serbs left with the retreating Austrian army.

The rebellion broke out again in 1804 in the First National Rising, which was led by Dorde Petrovic, known as Black George. In 1807 the rebellion was successful with the help of Russia. However, in 1812 the Russians made peace with the Turks. As a result, the Serbian rebellion collapsed. A second rebellion broke out in 1815. It is known as the Second National Uprising.

This time, the Turks agreed to grant Serbia some autonomy. Finally, in 1878, Serbia became independent. In 1882 Serbia became a kingdom.

Modern Serbia

After World War I, Serbia became part of a great Slavic nation. In 1929 King Aleksander made the new state a royal dictatorship and renamed it Yugoslavia (land of the South Slavs).

However, from the beginning there was tension between Croats and Serbs and King Aleksander was assassinated in 1934. Meanwhile, communism was growing in Yugoslavia and in 1939 Josip Broz became president of the Yugoslav Communist Party.

On April 6, 1941, the Germans bombed Belgrade and invaded Yugoslavia. They soon invaded the country, which was divided between Germany and its allies. Hungary occupied the northern part of Serbia, but Germany kept most of it.

The communists then carried out a guerrilla war and in October 1944, together with the Russians, they liberated Belgrade. Then, in 1945, the communists won 90% of the votes in the elections and introduced a communist regime.

However, in 1948 Tito broke with Stalin and Yugoslavia was resolutely independent afterwards. However, when Tito died in 1980, the system began to fail. Finally, in 1991-92, the State of Yugoslavia was dissolved.

Parts broke away from Serbia and became independent until only Serbia and Montenegro remained. However, Montenegro became independent in 2006. Then, in 2008, Kosovo seceded and became independent.

Serbia suffered in the recession of 2009. However, Serbia soon recovered. Today the Serbian economy is growing and Serbia hopes to join the EU. Currently, the population of Serbia is 7.1 million.

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