Nepal

Nepalese history

Brief history of Nepal summarized

A brief review of the history of Nepal, an Asian country.

The beginnings of Nepal

Nepal was known to ancient Indians. He was mentioned in the classical literature of India. In the third century BC the great Indian emperor introduced Buddhism to Nepal. Nepal was also in contact with China.

Around 200 AD a people called the Lichavis took power in Nepal. Under them Nepal flourished and great temples, both Hindu and Buddhist, were built. However, the Lichavis eventually declined and a new era began in 879 AD. They were replaced by a series of kings called the Thakuris.

From the twelfth century, a series of kings reigned in Nepal whose last name ended in Malla. In the 14th century one of them, Jayasthiti Malla, introduced the caste system in Nepal. The power of the Malla dynasty reached its peak in the 15th century under the Yaksha trading center.

However, after his death in 1482, his kingdom was divided between his three sons. Nepal was brought together in the 18th century by a man named Prithvi Narayan Shah. He was suspicious of the growing power of the British in India and decided to isolate the nation from it.

However, in the 19th century, the Nepalese were forced to reconcile with the British. In 1814-1816 they waged a war after which the current boundaries of Nepal were drawn. Then, in 1860, Nepalese soldiers began to serve in the British Army.

Meanwhile, in 1846, a man named Rang Bahadur seized power and declared himself the Rana or Prime Minister. Later, the kings of Nepal were just figures and the Rana held the royal power. Finally, in 1923, Britain and Nepal signed a new treaty.

Nepal today

In 1950 the Rana was overthrown and royal authority was restored. Then, in 1959, elections were held in Nepal. However, the king fell out with the elected Congress and removed it in 1960. Under a new constitution of 1962 the king had all real power.

However, in 1990, widespread protests led to the restoration of democracy. Nepal got a new constitution and elections were held in 1991. Then, in 1994, a minority communist government took power. However, in 1995, the Supreme Court annulled the election results and reinstated the previous parliament.

In 1996 a Maoist (communist) insurgency began in Nepal which severely damaged the economy. However, in November 2006 a peace agreement was signed. Elections were held in April 2008 and a coalition government came to power. In May 2008 the monarchy was abolished and Nepal became a republic. Nepal got a new constitution in 2015.

Today Nepal is still a poor country. Most of the people live from agriculture. However, tourism in Nepal has great potential. The current population of Nepal is 29 million.

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