History of Jordan

Brief history of Jordan summarized

A look at the brief history of Jordan, an Asian country.

Jordan Principles

Before 8,000 BC stone age hunters lived in what is now Jordan. However, around 8,000 BC in the region they began to farm, although they still used stone tools. People began to live in villages. Around 5,000 BC in Jordan they were making pottery.

Around 4,000 BC they smelted copper and around 3,200 BC they learned to make bronze tools. During the bronze age, many people in Jordan lived in fortified cities. At that time there was a large trade between Egypt and Iraq. So the trade routes passed through Jordan.

After 1500 BC, Jordan was divided into highly organized kingdoms. The most important were Moab, Edom and Amon. Then, after 500 BC, the Arabs called Nabataeans migrated to Jordan. They developed a wealthy kingdom based on trade routes through the area.

His capital was at Petra. Rome became the new power in the Middle East. At first the Nabataeans maintained their independence. However, in AD 106 they were absorbed into the Roman Empire.

Under Roman rule, Jordan continued to flourish and Christianity spread. However, the Roman Empire split in two, and Jordan became part of the eastern part, known as the Byzantine Empire.

However, in the 7th century, Jordan was conquered by the Muslims and became part of the Islamic world. For centuries, Jordan has continued to play its traditional role as a trade route between other areas. Then in 1516 it became part of the Ottoman Empire.

For centuries Jordan changed little. However, in the late 19th century Muslims from the Russian Empire arrived in the area, fleeing persecution. In 1908 the Hejaz railway was built from Damascus to Medina. When World War I began in 1914, the Ottoman Empire joined the German side.

Modern Jordan

At this time Arab nationalism was growing, encouraged by the British. In June 1916 a rebellion began, the Great Arab Revolt. Finally, in 1918, Turkey was defeated by the allies.

However, Jordan was not allowed to be independent. In 1921 it became a British Mandate. Abdullah was made emir. However, Jordan eventually became independent in 1946 and Abdullah became king.

However, King Abdullah was assassinated in 1951. He was replaced by his son Talal. However, in 1952 he was followed by Hussein. During the 1960s and 1970s, economic growth took place in Jordan. Martial law was declared in 1967, but elections were held in 1989.

In 1994 Jordan signed a peace treaty with Israel. Abdullah II became King of Jordan in 1999. Today, Jordan faces economic challenges such as poverty and unemployment, but the economy is growing steadily. Jordan has great tourism potential. Currently, the population of Jordan is 10.2 million.

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